1.1.3 PROVINCE-WISE POTENTIAL
Before approaching to the issues associated with Reko Diq copper and gold mining, province-wise pin picture of mines and mineral potential is given here under;
1.1.4 POTENTIAL IN PUNJAB
The Province Punjab enjoys enormous natural resources, which are enlisted in details;
Ironore: Iron ores is present in large deposits in Punjab. The major deposits are in Kalabagh Mianwali district.
Coal: In Punjab coal is present in Salt Range and Markawal.The estimated deposits of coal in this region are 235 million tons. The quality is average in comparison with other provinces.
Gypsum: Punjab stands 2nd in gypsum deposits. The major deposits of Gypsum are in Dadukhel in Mianwali area which is about 53 million tons. Other resources are in Rakhi-Munh, Khewra and Safedkoh-Rodo area. Gypsum is also found in Suleman Range of D.G. Khan, Punjab.
Salt: Salt deposits are mainly found in the salt Range (160 kms in length, east and west trending mountainous arc between Rivers Jhelum and Indus). Rock salt is mined at Khewra, Warcha, Kalabagh, Bhadurkhel, Jatta and karak salt Mines by Pakistan Mineral Development Corporation. Punjab Mineral Development Corporation operates Chakwal and Khushab salt mines. According to Pakistan Mineral Development Corporation, the rock salt reserves within the area of their mining operation are around 600 million tons.
Lime stone:Lime Stone is present in salt Range Potwar Plateau, Margalla Hills and ZindaPir (Attock) in large deposits.
Aluminum:In Punjab Aluminium is found in Khushab district. It is graded as low quality Aluminium.
Calestine:It contains about 83% Strontium Sulphate. Celestite is used in signal rockets and flares, tracer bullets, transportation warning fused and fire-works. It also used in Strontium compound Ceramics, luminous paints, plastics industries. In Punjab It is found in DaudKhel in the Western Salt Range.
Natural oil: All large and renowned oil fields are located in potwar region. In following table a brief description of Oil fields is given.
Natural gas:The only major gas resource is located in Uch near Multan. Another gas field is Adhi gas field located in Rawalpindi district, supplies 18Mcf/day of gas ,62 tons/day of LPG,300 Barrels/day of Natural gas liquid(NGL).
Marble:It is one of the country foreign exchange earnings. In Punjab its reserves are in Dalbandin Hills in Attock District.