Reko Diq Copper and Gold Mining: Issues & Recommendations

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1.1.6. POTENTIAL IN BALUCHISTAN

At present Pakistan is producing 50 minerals; of these about 40 are being exploited in Baluchistan. Almost all the minerals now being mined in theprovince have been explored / discovered by the Geological Survey of Pakistan.

Aluminum:Aluminum is present in Baluchistan in large deposits. Major areas are Kalat, Ziarat and Loralai districts. The mine at Khakhan-China spring in Loralai district produces 2000 tons annually.

Iron Ore:More than 903.4 million tons of iron ores are found in Pakistan and potential ore deposits in Baluchistan are the following:

Copper:The significance of copper resources of Pakistan is widely known because of huge investment made in development of Saindak copper deposit.Copper reserves are present in Saindak and Reko-diq in Baluchistan.

Chromite Ore:Chromite occurrence is wide- spread yet its potential is far from being fully assessed judging from the favorable geological environment. For this reason, chromite deposits of Baluchistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa must be considered from a regional standpoint that could enable Pakistan to become a major exporter of chromite and /or ferrochrome.In Baluchistan, Muslim Bagh, Noshki, Ras-koh, Dilbadin, MiranshahWana,Khuzdar, Bela, chromite deposits are of the major commercial source of chromite.

Zinc:The Jurassic rocks of the Lasbela – Khuzdar Belt have the potential to host several World class’ zinc – lead ore deposits. Zinc deposits are also found in DuddarGunga which are estimated over 160 million tons.

Coal:In Baluchistan about 217 million tons of coal are estimated. Thèse Resources are distributed in Hamai, ,Duki ,Mach-Abegum  Pir Ismail Ziarat  Bar khan – Chamalang.

Natural Gas:Total Natural gas reserves in Pakistan are estimated at about 31 trillion cubic feet. In the Province of Baluchistan, the reserves are in Pirkok, Sui,Mazarani,Golarchi.Sui gas field is the largest field of Pakistan, which covers over 75 sq. miles.

Manganese:In Baluchistan Manganese is found in Lasbela and Khuzdar. Total estimated resources in these two regions are 0.477 million tons.

Limestone for Lime:Pakistan is bestowed with extensive deposits of suitable quality of limestone in the province of Baluchistan. The average annual production of limestone is 8697 Metric tons, used mainly in the manufacturing of cement, Road making, building construction and in the chemicals industries. It is graded as high quality limestone found in Pakistan.

Magnesite:In Baluchistan it is found in Muslim bagh and Bela.

Gypsum:According to geological survey of Pakistan, about 2000 million ton gypsum resources are present in different areas of Baluchistan.

Marble:Large deposits of marble are present in Baluchistan, About2 million ton high quality Marble is present in Chagai district.

Gems:Early discoveries of most of Gem materials in Baluchistan by GSP in connection with investigations for other mineral commodities, during the course of geological mapping. In Chagai: Malachite, Azurite, Garnet,    Brown Garnet, Zircon, Obsidian, Jade,     Jasper, Lapis, In Panjgur: Auriferous Quartz, In Kalat: Brown Garnet, Fluorite, In KillaAbdullah: Aragonite, In Khuzdar: Agates, and In Loralai Amethyst.

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